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Around 40% of men by the age of 35 and 50% of women over 65, with a noticeable rise in cases post menopause, struggle from noticeable hair loss. The medical term used for this is Alopecia.

Male/Female Pattern Baldness

Various things that can cause hair loss, the most common being male and female pattern baldness. Male pattern baldness usually comes in the form of a receding hairline before a thinning of the hair by the crown and temples and in female pattern hair loss it tends to thin on the top of the head instead.

Alopecia Areata

One cause of hair loss is alopecia areata, a condition due to an immune system problem that often affects those with autoimmune diseases. This causes patches of baldness around the scalp in teenagers and young adults, in most cases, the hair eventually grows back. But some people develop a severe form of hair loss like Alopecia Totalis, losing all hair on the scalp or Alopecia Universalis that results in total hair loss on the scalp and body.


Scarring Alopecia

Scarring Alopecia, also known as Cicatricial Alopecia, is another form of alopecia, this is usually caused by complications of another condition. It destroys completely the hair follicles, meaning the hair won’t grow back. A few examples of conditions that can cause this are Scleroderma, Lichen Planus and Discoid Lupus.

Medicine And Chemicals

Unfortunately, hair loss can also be a result of medication and chemicals such as the ones used in the treatment of cancer. There are two types of hair loss caused by this; anagen effluvium and telogen effluvium. This form of alopecia is not permanent as the hair usually grows back around six months after finishing the treatment. Like chemotherapy, various other medicines have been known to cause hair loss, this is the case of anticoagulants, antidepressants, arthritis medication, as well as many of the drugs used to treat thyroid disorders, just to name a few.

Vitamin Deficiencies

A deficiency in vitamins and minerals such as vitamin B12, vitamin D and iron can also cause hair loss. This is due to the effect they have on the growth cycle, prematurely shifting hairs into the shedding stage. Over-exercising, fat diets, illness and surgery can all cause vitamin deficiencies and lead to hair loss.

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